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What is Seizure?

What is Seizure?

Seizure is an alteration in behavior due to abnormal synchronous discharges of neurons in the brain. Seizure symptoms depend on location of discharging neurons. If seizures originate from the neurons close to area controlling motor activity, the patient will experience physical activity such as shaking of a limb during the seizure. Since seizure activity may spread to neighbor areas, one limb shaking may spread to the other limbs and subsequently whole body may convulse. If the seizure activity starts in the area near the sensory control region, the patient may feel pins...
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What Tests are Used to Diagnose Epilepsy?

What Tests are Used to Diagnose Epilepsy...

Is there a certain type of test needed for epilepsy diagnosis? The diagnosis of epilepsy is a clinical diagnosis. Your doctor will diagnose epilepsy based on the information from the history, physical examination, EEG, and brain imaging studies. There are certain tests to support the diagnosis of epilepsy such as electroencephalogram (EEG) and brain imaging. EEG amplifies electrical activity in brain and records and displays them on a computer screen. In the past EEG displays were on paper. Abnormalities such as spikes, sharp and slow waves occur during seizures. In...
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Epilepsy Surgery

Epilepsy Surgery

Surgery is an option in treatment of patients with intractable epilepsy, which cannot be controlled with medication adequately. If your seizures originate from an identifiable focus in the brain, you may be a candidate for resective surgery. The purpose of the surgery is to remove abnormal part of the brain which is considered epileptic (source of the seizures). The pre-operative work up is comprehensive. You need to go through a pre-surgical evaluation to be identified as a surgical candidate or not. The outcome and seizure freedom after surgery depends on multiple...
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Children with Epilepsy

FEBRILE SEIZURES Febrile seizures are provoked seizures which occur in the setting of increased body temperature at 102 degrees or above in children between ages of 18 months and 3 years. There is no underlying identifiable central nervous system condition such as infection or others as a cause. Incidence of febrile seizure is increased in the families of the children with febrile seizures. Children of parents with history of febrile seizures have increased risk of febrile seizures. Febrile seizures usually occur as the body temperature rises rapidly. Early detection of...
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What Is The Risk Of Having A Second Seizure?

What Is The Risk Of Having A Second Seiz...

If your first seizure occurred without any provoking factor, your recurrence (having another seizure) risk depends on various factors such as findings in your work up, brain imaging, EEG, neurological exam, family history, childhood history, developmental history, history of learning disability in the past, etc. If all of factors mentioned above is negative that means you have a low risk for recurrence. If your EEG or your imaging is abnormal or if you have had two unprovoked seizures with all other factors above were normal puts you at medium risk for recurrence group. If...
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