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What Is Epilepsy?

What Is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures. If you have had more than one seizure without any identified provoking factor such as head trauma, fever, alcohol intake, illicit drug abuse, etc. you may have epilepsy. Between seizures, most people with epilepsy are completely normal. Epilepsy can be inherited. Certain genes responsible for inherited epilepsy were identified. But there is still a lot to be discovered about genetic aspects of epilepsy. Some epilepsy cases are acquired. Certain conditions such as a birth defects and...
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What is Seizure?

What is Seizure?

Seizure is an alteration in behavior due to abnormal synchronous discharges of neurons in the brain. Seizure symptoms depend on location of discharging neurons. If seizures originate from the neurons close to area controlling motor activity, the patient will experience physical activity such as shaking of a limb during the seizure. Since seizure activity may spread to neighbor areas, one limb shaking may spread to the other limbs and subsequently whole body may convulse. If the seizure activity starts in the area near the sensory control region, the patient may feel pins...
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What Tests are Used to Diagnose Epilepsy?

What Tests are Used to Diagnose Epilepsy...

Is there a certain type of test needed for epilepsy diagnosis? The diagnosis of epilepsy is a clinical diagnosis. Your doctor will diagnose epilepsy based on the information from the history, physical examination, EEG, and brain imaging studies. There are certain tests to support the diagnosis of epilepsy such as electroencephalogram (EEG) and brain imaging. EEG amplifies electrical activity in brain and records and displays them on a computer screen. In the past EEG displays were on paper. Abnormalities such as spikes, sharp and slow waves occur during seizures. In...
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Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Epilepsy

Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Epile...

Do I have partial epilepsy or the more generalized kind? Am I likely to have more seizures in the future without medication or other treatment? If I need medication, what side effects can I expect? What should I do when I notice these side effects? What should I do if I have another seizure? Is it safe for me to drive? If not, when will it be safe to start driving again? Is it safe for me to swim? Are there any other activities I should be cautious about participating in? Is it safe for me to drink alcohol? Could brain surgery be effective in stopping my seizures? What...
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